Glass Industry

Innovative Techniques For Module Production

A large part of manufacturing for photovoltaic modules incorporates handling and processing glass. Bystronic glass makes a significant contribution in all areas to ensure that the systems run smoothly and effectively.

 The German-Swiss company is entirely at home processing glass: For more than 40 years it has been recognized for providing innovative machines, systems and services in glass processing. From basic components to automated, customer-specific complete solutions, Bystronic glass offers extraordinary concepts with unsurpassed quality – and the same applies to the Solar Industry. 

Edge grinding of glass substrates

Cleanly ground edges of substrates are absolutely essential to ensure a smooth production process for solar modules. High edge quality free from cracks and shell defects is the only way to prevent glass breakage during the process. This is an important pre-condition for efficient and economical production since glass breakage is a relevant cost factor and always means a stoppage of the system. Whenever glass breakage occurs, the production systems must be run empty and cleaned.

C grind of the edges
 
Automatic changing system for grinding wheels
Then production has to be resumed again. "Grinding machines from Bystronic glass stand for the highest quality in ground glass edges. For many years the company has established a strong reputation and successful track record with machines of similar design for the automotive industry,” explains Markus Lipp Sales Manager and Project Engineer in the Swiss Bystronic glass Technology Center. champspeed’grind makes it possible to grind edges from a minimum finished dimension of 200 mm x 200 mm to a maximum finished dimension of 2200 mm x 2600 mm with C grind or K grind. The yield is 99.5 percent.
 
Thanks to a mineral cast machine bed, champ’speed-series machines are completely vibration-free and can therefore provide the greatest precision. Substrates can be ground with extremely fine tolerances of +/- 0.1 mm on absolutely perpendicular sides, even if the starting substrate has large deviations in the angles. As the machines are designed as polar grinding machines with a play-free table, both edges and corners are polished in one pass, with radius or facet. All axes are equipped with maintenance-free and highly dynamic CNC direct drives. The new spindle design works in seconds with two grinding wheels arranged one over the other. "Additional time advantages are derived first from an automatic correction of the grinding wheel diameter, with changeover to another module series or substrate size taking less than five minutes, for example, as well as from the use of an automatic changing system for grinding wheels,“ comments Markus Lipp in Machine Technology. Thanks to the modular layout of the series, champ’speed machines can be expanded to create large manufacturing cells with an integrated handling device and additional drilling machine.
 
Applying backrails automatically
Backrails are used to fasten thin layer modules in place and to provide stability for modules with especially large surfaces. Tape or liquid adhesive is applied to modules of all sizes for this purpose. Bystronic glass Technology Center Bystronic Armatec provides semi or fully automatic systems for processing and applying backrails. They are available as a stand alone solution or can be integrated into existing lines. "Depending on the module size, up to four rails can be placed on one module at the same time, or four rails can be placed on two modules in twin mode. This process facilitates the shortest cycle times,“ explains Thomas Ommerle Sales Engineering Solar at Bystronic Armatec. Depending on the rail being processed, positioning accuracy is +/- 0.5 mm.
 
Source: GlassOnWeb